Monthly Archives: July 2016

Passing reward to others , living or deceased (Esaal-E-Sawwab)

 

Consistency-Islamic-Quotes-About-Good-Deeds-

There is nothing wrong with passing the reward of good deeds to family, friends whether they are dead or alive and it is hoped in the Mercy of Allah (SWT) that they will Insha’Allah be benefitted.


Three specific scenarios which benefit:

Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) has specifically spoken about three specific scenarios by which the dead can benefit after their death.

حدثنا يحيى بن أيوب وقتيبة يعني ابن سعيد وابن حجر قالوا حدثنا إسمعيل هو ابن جعفر عن العلاء عن أبيه عن أبي هريرة أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال إذا مات الإنسان انقطع عنه عمله إلا من ثلاثة إلا من صدقة جارية أو علم ينتفع به أو ولد صالح يدعو له

Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) reported Allah’s Messenger (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) as saying: When a man dies, his acts come to an end, but three, recurring charity, or knowledge (by which people) benefit, or a pious son, who prays for him (for the deceased). [Muslim]

Donating a garden in charity to the mother:

حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ أَنَّ ابْنَ جُرَيْجٍ أَخْبَرَهُمْ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي يَعْلَى أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عِكْرِمَةَ مَوْلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ يَقُولُ أَنْبَأَنَا ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّ سَعْدَ بْنَ عُبَادَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ أَخَا بَنِي سَاعِدَةَ تُوُفِّيَتْ أُمُّهُ وَهُوَ غَائِبٌ عَنْهَا فَأَتَى النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ أُمِّي تُوُفِّيَتْ وَأَنَا غَائِبٌ عَنْهَا فَهَلْ يَنْفَعُهَا شَيْءٌ إِنْ تَصَدَّقْتُ بِهِ عَنْهَا قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَإِنِّي أُشْهِدُكَ أَنَّ حَائِطِيَ الْمِخْرَافَ صَدَقَةٌ عَلَيْهَا

Sayyidina Ibn ‘Abbas (RA) narrated that mother of Sad bin ‘Ubada (RA) died in his absence. He (RA) said, “O Allah’s Apostle (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam)! My mother died in my absence; will it be of any benefit for her if I give Sadaqa on her behalf?” The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) said, “Yes,” Sad said, “I make you a witness that I gave my garden called Al Makhraf in charity on her behalf.” [Bukhari]

Charity by children relieves the burden of sin of parents:

The earth is forbidden from decomposing the bodies of the prophets of Allah (AS).

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ وَقُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَعِيلُ وَهُوَ ابْنُ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ الْعَلَاءِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ رَجُلًا قَالَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِنَّ أَبِي مَاتَ وَتَرَكَ مَالًا وَلَمْ يُوصِ فَهَلْ يُكَفِّرُ عَنْهُ أَنْ أَتَصَدَّقَ عَنْهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ

Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) reported that a person said to Allah’s Apostle (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam): My father died and left behind property without making any will regarding it. Would he be relieved of the burden of his sin if I give sadaqa on his behalf? He Allah’s Apostle (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) said: Yes.[Muslim]{jb_purplebox}

Performing Hajj on behalf of old Father :

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى قَالَ قَرَأْتُ عَلَى مَالِكٍ عَنْ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّهُ قَالَ كَانَ الْفَضْلُ بْنُ عَبَّاسٍ رَدِيفَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَجَاءَتْهُ امْرَأَةٌ مِنْ خَثْعَمَ تَسْتَفْتِيهِ فَجَعَلَ الْفَضْلُ يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهَا وَتَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ فَجَعَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَصْرِفُ وَجْهَ الْفَضْلِ إِلَى الشِّقِّ الْآخَرِ قَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ فَرِيضَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ فِي الْحَجِّ أَدْرَكَتْ أَبِي شَيْخًا كَبِيرًا لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يَثْبُتَ عَلَى الرَّاحِلَةِ أَفَأَحُجُّ عَنْهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَذَلِكَ فِي حَجَّةِ الْوَدَاعِ

{jb_purplebox}Sayyidina Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) narrated that Al-Fadl (his brother) was riding behind Allah’s Apostle (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) and a woman from the tribe of Khath’am came and Al-Fadl started looking at her and she started looking at him. The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) turned Al-Fadl’s face to the other side. The woman said, “O Allah’s Apostle (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam)! The obligation of Hajj enjoined by Allah on His devotees has become due on my father and he is old and weak, and he cannot sit firm on the Mount; may I perform Hajj on his behalf?” The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) replied, “Yes, you may.” That happened during the Hajj-al-Wida (of the Prophet ). [Muslim]

Reward of all beneficial and good deeds:

From the cross-section of Ahadeeth of Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) Scholars have concluded that there is no restriction on the nature, type and number of optional good deeds which can be performed with the intention of passing the reward to other Muslims and the reward of the doer is not diminished in the least. There is no restriction because no specific restriction has been placed by Allah (SWT) or by Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam).

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Esaal-E-Swaab- The Proof

Beginning with the name of Allah – in the name of – the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

(Esaal-e-Swaab)   Conveying Rewards to the Deceased

   At the outset please know, that in Islam, death is not perceived as an end of life. It is just the end of the worldly existence as we witness it, and the beginning of a new existence, in which the soul experiences a new world called “Barzakh.” The soul may experience this new life with or without its original body, according to its own rank allotted to it by Allah the Almighty, the Supreme. There are too many proofs from the Holy Qur’an and Hadeeth (Holy Prophet’s Traditions) regarding the above, and warrant an extensive article on the same. But that is not the question here.

The question that some people ask is that if a person is dead, can we increase its status or decrease its torment by conveying rewards of OUR deeds

It is the consensus of the Sahaba, the earlier Ulema, and the latter ones that the above is (a) Effective and that (b) it is certainly permissible, in fact meritorious, to do so.

If one wants to convey the reward of one’s recital of Holy Qur’an, charity, Nafil Salaat (Non Obligatory), fasts and good deeds, Hajj, Umrah etc., then one should convey it to the virtuous soul of our beloved Holy Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), one’s relatives, and all the Muslim men and women. All of them will receive the same reward without any deduction; the one who has carried this out will also receive the same reward without any loss. It is also valid to convey the reward to the living persons. (Fatawa Shami).

 

  1. All the Ulama-e-Haq and the Buzrugaan-e-Deen hold the belief that to send Esaal-e- Sawaab to the souls of the deceased is permissible.
  2. It is permissible for a Muslim to send the Sawaab of his deeds, such a Salaah, Saum, Zakaah, Hajj, Sadaqa, etc. to others. (Hidaya)
  3. If a person kept Fast, performed his or her Salaah, or gave Sadaqa and then sent this Sawaab to another person, either living or deceased, then to do so is permissible, and that Sawaab reaches the said person. (Bahrur Raa’iq)
  4. Hazrat Anas (radi Allahu anhu) asked the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam): “If we send Sawaab to the deceased, give Sadaqa and Khayraat and ask Du’a for them, does this reach them?” The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Verily it reaches them. Read Salaah for them as you read for yourself and fast for them as you fast for yourself. In other words, make Esaal-e-Sawaab of Salaah and Saum for them.” The meaning of this Hadith Shareef is that we should send the Sawaab of our actions to the deceased, since in reality one cannot perform Salaah and keep fast for another person or on his behalf, but we can send the Sawaab of our actions to them.
  5. Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (radi Allahu anhu) has stated: “On the Days of Eid, the 10th of Muharram, the first Friday of Rajab, on Shabbe Baraat, and on Thursday nights, the souls of the deceased are left free to go to their homes, wherein they go and ask for Sadaqa and Khayraat. If they do not receive any Du’a or Fateha, then they return to their graves saddened and disappointed and they say, ‘O Allah! They have deprived us, You deprive them'”.
  6. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) as said: “When a person passes away and the family of the deceased gives Sadaqa, Khayraat and makes Du’a for him, then Sayyiduna Jibraeel (alaihis salaam) takes it to them in their graves on a tray that is beautifully decorated. When they receive this, they become so pleased as if someone in the world becomes pleased on receiving a gift, and his neighbour who has not received any Sawaab becomes sad”.
  7. Hazrat Sa’ad ibn Ubaadah (radi Allahu anhu) once came to the Prophet(sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and said: “Ya Rasoolallah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)! My mother has passed away. What can I do for Esaale Sawaab?”The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Prepare a well for water”.When the well was prepared, Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) went close to the well and made Du’a: “This is for the Esaale Sawaab for the mother of Saad”. While making this Du’a, he raised his hands high, and after Du’a, he turned his hands over his blessed face.
  8. For those who object to Fateha and Du’a, the following is for their perusal:-
    1. It is allowed to make Du’a in front of the Niyaz (offering), as this is what the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) did by coming close to the well to make Du’a.
    2. It is allowed to lift up the hands for Du’a and to end the Du’a by turning the hands over the face.
    3. It is preferable to call a pious person to make the Du’a.
    4. To make Fathia on Niyaz is allowed. If it were not, then the Prophet(sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) would not have made Du’a near the water, but would have said that the intention was sufficient.
    5. For the person to obtain the Sawaab, it is not necessary to feed the Niyaz first, but Du’a can be made before this since the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) made Du’a even before any person drank out of the well.
  9. Whosoever makes Khatam of the Holy Quran and then makes Du’a, 4 000 Angels say Aameen on his Du’a. They then continue making Du’a for him and they continue asking blessings for him until the morning or afternoon.(Tafseer Roohul Bayaan)
  10. At the time of Khatam Shareef, there is a flow of mercy and to make Du’a after completing the Quran is Mustahab.
  11. When Hazrat Anas (radi Allahu anhu) used to complete the Holy Quran, then he would call all his family and friends and make Du’a. (Jila’ul Afhaam)
  12. When making Fathia, one should follow the procedure of the pious Saints. When making the Fateha, send the Sawaab to the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), the pious servants, the Companions, and then through their blessing, ask for it to be sent to the soul of the deceased. This is the prescribed method, and this is the method that the Ahle Sunnah has always followed.
  13. By making Esaal-e -Sawaab, it gives comfort to the deceased, pleases them, saves them from the torment of the grave, elevates their status and causes benefit to the sender as well as the receiver.

Esaal-e-Swaab

Esal-e-Sawab

Translation:

Beginning with the name of Allah – in the name of – the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

It is learned from Hz.Abdullah bin Abbas (R.A) that Prophet Mohammed ( Peace be upon them) stated that a person in the Grave is in similar in state to the person who is drowning in the sea and crying for help.

This  person in the grave awaits in the grave for someone like his parents or brothers, sisters or friends  to send blessed prayers (Fathia ), Prayers of Forgiveness or Contibute to Chariable & noble causes to Humanity on behalf of him/her so they gains blessings (Essal-e-Sawaab) in the grave.

The people in the world , When they pray for the deceased, Allah send’s great supreme blessings and forgiveness to the deceased individual(s). The blessings amount to size of mountains.

When the deceased individual  receives these prayers he/she becomes more affectionate to the person(s) praying for them  than the world he left. The  Deceased becomes grateful, Happier, Joyful since he was remembered, thought of,  in time of need.

Therefore,  for the deceased the best gift from the Worldly people is to send them Prayers of Forgiveness.

Please when doing Esaal-e-Sawwab ( Coveying prayers to the Deceased) Mention specific individual(s) in your prayers but also importantly do not forget the whole of mankind! This way more people get the blessings. These blessings are not divided up . Each individual receives the same out as the first.

It is very important you pray for the whole mankind since their are people that have deceased and have no-one to pray for them for one reason or another.