Sufi Shrines (Dargah’s) in District- Malda State- West Bengal-INDIA

 

Nur Qutb Alam a saint and saviour personality of the Muslims of Bengal from the oppression of raja ganesha. A son and chief disciple of Shaikh Alaul Huq and a grandson of Shaikh Asad of Lahore, he was a guardian saint of pandua. Both father and son are lying buried in the famous shash hazari dargah (a dargah endowed with a property worth six thousand rupees) of Pandua. Like his father, Shaikh Nur Qutb Alam was a chishtiya saint and has left behind a line of saints who played significant part in the Muslim social life of Bengal for several centuries. Shaikh Alaul Huq was a contemporary of Sultan Shamsuddin iliyas shah and his son sikandar shah, while Shaikh Nur Qutb Alam was a fellow-student and contemporary of Sultan ghiyasuddin azam shah.


Allaul Haq Pandwi

Shaikh Nur Qutb Alam became more famous than his father, because he saved the Muslim kingdom of Bengal from a catastrophe. When Raja Ganesha captured the throne of Pandua and began to oppress the Muslims including the Shaikhs and Ulama, he decided to interfere, and wrote a letter to Sultan Ibrahim Sharqi of Jaunpur to come to the aid of the Muslims of Bengal. He also wrote a letter to Mir Sayyid Ashraf Jahangir simnani with a request to intercede to Sultan Ibrahim to accede to the request of Shaikh Nur Qutb Alam. Sultan Ibrahim marched with a large army to Bengal. At this Ganesha got frightened, submitted to Shaikh Nur and prayed to him to request Sultan Ibrahim to go back. The Shaikh demanded that the Raja should turn a Muslim, because, as he said, he could not intercede to a Muslim king in favour of a non-Muslim. Ganesha agreed but when he disclosed this to his wife, she did not agree. The Raja then brought his son Jadu, a boy of twelve, to the Shaikh and got him cnverted to Islam. The boy was named Jalaluddin and Ganesha abdicated in his favour.


Allaul Haq Pandwi

After the death of the Shaikh, Ganesha, however, reconverted Jadu to Hinduism and ascended the throne again. But it so happened that Ganesha died soon after, and Jadu occupied the throne with the title of Sultan jalaluddin muhammad shah.

In order to practise the virtue of humility during the lifetime of his father, Nur Qutb used to do all sorts of menial works. He washed clothes of visiting faqirs, carried fuel and water, kept water constantly hot for ablution of his murshid during winter days and even cleaned the privies attached to the khanqah. He gave his two sons, Shaikh Rafqatuddin and Shaikh Anwar, spiritual training. Shaikh Zahid, a son of the former, also attained much fame as a saint, after the death of his grandfather. Shaikh Anwar died a martyr at Sonargaon at the hands of Raja Ganesha, most probably during the lifetime of his father. Another leading spiritual disciple of Shaikh Nur Qutb Alam was Shaikh Husamuddin Manikpuri.


Allaul Haq Pandwi Entry

Sultan Alauddin husain shah granted a number of villages for maintaining the alms-house and madrasah attached to the dargah of Shaikh Nur Qutb Alam. The sultan used to come every year from his capital city of Ikdala to Pandua to visit the shrine of the saint. The date of Shaikh Nur Qutb Alam’s death is not definitely known, but the date is most probably 818 AH/ 1415 AD and the chronogram of this date is Nur banur-shud (light went into light).


Allaul Haq Pandwi

Where is Pandua ? Pandua a town about twenty miles from Gaur and twelve miles from the modern town of Maldah in West Bengal, India, emerged as a mint town and the capital of Bengal during the time of Shamsuddin iliyas shah (1342-1358 AD). Pandua is said to have been derived from Panduya < Panduviya. Cunningham contradicts the Hindu claim that the place derived its name from the Pandus and is inclined to believe that the name rather originated from Pandubis (water fowls) with which the place abounds. Pandua was already a place of note before it acquired the distinction of a capital city in 1342. The presence of numerous remains of Hindu sculpture and architecture in the place points to its antiquity. But it was never as old and great a city as Gaur. It was about four and a half miles long and two miles wide. In 1353 Iliyas Shah renamed it Firuzabad probably after Shamsuddin firuz shah (1301-1322 AD), an earlier independent sultan of Bengal.

Pandua is 10 kilimeters from Malda town.
One can reach Malda by train and Bus.One can catch train or Bus from Kolkata.
Place-Pandua Shareef
District- Malda
State- West Bengal

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