Khawaja Moinuddin Chishtywas born in 1141 and died in 1230 CE, also known as Gharib Nawaz , is the most famous Sufi saint of the Chishty Order of South Asia. He was born in 536 A.H./1141 CE, in Sajistan, Khorasan (other accounts say Isfahan) in Persia. He was a direct descendent of the Prophet Muhammad.
He was one of the most outstanding figures in the annals of Islamic mysticism and founder of the Chistiyya order in India.
Khawaja Moinuddin Chishty visited the seminaries of Samarkand and Bukhara and acquired religious learning at the feet of eminent scholars of his age. He visited nearly all the great centers of Muslim culture, and acquainted himself with almost every important trend in Muslim religious life in the Middle Ages. In 1220 he became the disciple of the Chishty Khawaja Uthman Harooni. They traveled the Middle East extensively together, including visits to Makkah and Medina.
Moinuddin Chishty turned towards India, reputedly after a dream in which the Holy Prophet told him to do so, and, after a brief stay at Lahore he reached Ajmer where he settled down. There he attracted a substantial following, acquiring a great deal of respect amongst the residents of the city. Today, hundreds of thousands of people, Muslims, Hindus and others, from the Indian sub-continent assemble to his tomb on the occasion of his urs (death anniversary).
He apparently never wrote down his teachings in the form of a book, nor did his immediate disciples do so. But he laid the foundations of the Chishtiyya order in Ajmer, India, where common people flocked to him in large numbers. His firm faith in Wahdat al-wujud (Unity of Being) provided the necessary ideological support to his mystic mission to bring about emotional integration of the people amongst whom he lived.
Khwaja Moinuddin Chishty
The central principles that became characteristics of the Chistiyya order are based on his many teachings and practices. They lay stress on renunciation of material goods; strict regime of self-discipline and personal prayer; participation in Sama as a legitimate means to spiritual transformation; reliance on either cultivation or unsolicited offerings as means of basic subsistence; independence from rulers and the state, including rejection of monetary and land grants; generosity to others, particularly, through sharing of food and wealth, and tolerance and respect for religious differences.
He, in other words, interpreted religion in terms of human service and exhorted his disciples “to develop river-like generosity, sun-like affection and earth-like hospitality.” The highest form of devotion, according to him, was “to redress the misery of those in distress – to fulfill the needs of the helpless and to feed the hungry.”
It was during the reign of Akbar (1556 – 1605) that Ajmer emerged as one of the most important centers of pilgrimage in India when the Mughal Emperor undertook an unceremonial journey on foot to accomplish his humble wish to reach the place. The Akbarnama records that the emperor’s interest was first sparked when he heard some minstrels singing songs about the virtues of the holy man who lay asleep in Ajmer. Emperor Akbar was a Sufi mystic who firmly believed that all existence is one, and that love of God and one’s brethren was more important than narrow religious rituals.
Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti authored several books including ‘Anis al-Arwah’ and ‘Daleel al-Arefeen’ both of them dealing with Islamic code of living.
Buland Darwaaza & Bazaar Street in Ajmer, A wood Engraving, 1878
Khawaja Qutbuddin Baktiyar Kaki (R.A) (d. 1235) and Hamiduddin Nagori (R.A) (d. 1276) were Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti’s Khalifa or disciples who continued transmitting the teachings of their master through their disciples, leading to the widespread proliferation of the Chistiyya order in India.
Among Khawaja Qutbuddin Baktiyar’s prominent disciples was Fariduddin Ganj-i-Shakar (d. 1265), whose dargah is at Pakpattan (Pakistan). And Fariduddin’s most famous disciple was Nizamuddin Awliya (d. 1325) popularly referred to as Mahboob-i-Ilahi (God’s beloved) whose dargah is located in old Delhi.
From Delhi, the disciples branched out to establish dargahs in several regions of South Asia, from Sindh in the west to Bengal in the east, and the Deccan in the south. But from all the network of Chishti dargahs Ajmer dargah took on the special distinction of being the ‘mother’ dargah of them all.
Nearest Airport: Jaipur-138 Km
Railway Station: Ajmer
After twenty years of Khwaja Sahib. (R.A.) death he died in Sarwar town, some 40 miles away from Ajmer. His Mazar is located near a pond in the town. His Urs is celebrated on the 3rd of Shaban every year with great fervour. He was blessed with five sons. One of his sons, Hazrat Khwaja Hussamuddin was a perfect Sufi. His grave is at Sanbar Sharif. Every year on 13 and 14 Rajab Urs is organised.
To Reach Sarwar Sherif You can take a ST bus from Ajmer Bus Stand which is 15 minutes away from the Dargah. or you can hire a Sumo. There is regular Bus after every half an hour from Ajmer to Sarwar. It take around two hous to reach Sarwar.
Syed Meeran Husain (R.A.) – Taragard Fort It is a grand fort, located on a steep hill in south of Dargah Sharif, The height of the hill is 800 ft. During the reignof Rai Pithora, it was a famous and a strong fort and was considered it cannot be conquered. But Sultan Shahabuddin Ghauri conquered it without any difficulty and appointed Syed Meeran Husain (R.A.) as the Garrison Commander (Qiledaar).
During the reign of Qutubuddin Ebak, Syed Meeran Husain (R.A.) was the Garrison of Taragarh Fort. He also live in the fort. While playing polo in Lahore, Sultan Qutubuddin Ebak fell down from the back of the horse and died. As soon as the news of his death reached Ajmer, the Thakur and Rajput landlords of adjoining areas jointly launched a night atack on Taragarh and entered the fort It was totally dark and the Muslims were sleeping unaware. Most of them were slashed. rest of them were awaken in a panic and started resisting.
But they were smaller in number than the powerful enemy. at last they all were martyred. the enemies fled before the break of the day. Meeran Husain Khatak (R.A.) was also martyred in the attack.
When the Muslims of the city heard the news of the bloodshed there was a mass mourning. Knowing about the tragedy, Khwaja Gharib nawaz visited the fort with his followers and after the Namaz-e-Janaza, burried the martyres of Taragarh. Presently the ruins of the fort are left, but however everyone visits the Dargah of Hazrat Meeran Husain Khatak (R.A.) to pay the tributes.
Hazrat Meeran Husain (R.A.) was a great abstemious saint. He mostly used to be at the service of Gharib Nawaz (R.A.) as a staunch follower. His Urs falls on 17th and 18th Rajab every year.
The Mazar of Bibi Hafiz Jamal, daughter of Khwaja Sahib, is situated to the south of the Shrine. There is a small dome with a kalas on top of it. The doors of this tomb are plated with silver.The two enclosures situated just outside the southern gate of the Shrine adjacent to the tomb of Bibi-Hafiz Jamal bear the graves of some of the early descendants. The Holy Quran is recited by the devotees especially by ladies in these enclosures and the reward of this virtuous action is offered to the noble soul of Hazrat Khwaja Saheb.
Hazrat Sufi-E-Basafa Sufi Shahbaz Ali AL Quadri Chishty R.A.
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